The Stanford GAPGROUP grew out of a seminar on wh-constructions given by Ivan Sag in 2004. A critical reading of the generative literature led to the inescapable conclusion that the effects of processing difficulty had not been properly controlled for in generative theorizing about "island constraints". The group, consisting originally of Inbal Arnon (now at U. Manchester), Bruno Estigarribia (now at U. North Carolina), Philip Hofmeister (now at UCSD), T. Florian Jaeger (now at U. Rochester), Jeanette Pettibone (now at H5), and Neal Snider (now at U. Rochester), currently also includes David Clausen, Laura Staum (now at MPI, Nijmegen) and Tom Wasow. In various combinations, we have conducted experiments showing the mitigation of island effects when further factors engendering processing difficulty are properly controlled.
Hofmeister, Philip. and Ivan A. Sag. Submitted. Cognitive constraints on syntactic islands.
Sag, Ivan A., Philip Hofmeister, and Neal Snider. 2007. Processing Complexity in Subjacency Violations: The Complex Noun Phrase Constraint. Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society, Vol. 1. Chicago: CLS. (.pdf file).
Hofmeister, Philip, T. Florian Jaeger, Ivan A. Sag, Inbal Arnon, and Neal Snider. 2007. Locality and Accessibility in Wh-Questions. In Roots: Linguistics in Search of its Evidential Base, ed. by Sam Featherston and Wolfgang Sternefeld. Pp. 185-206. Berlin: de Gruyter. (.pdf file).
Hofmeister, Philip. 2007. Memory retrieval effects on filler-gap processing. In D. S. McNamara & J. G. Trafton (Eds.), Proceedings of the 29th Annual Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1091-1096). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
Hofmeister, Philip. 2007. Retrievability and gradience in filler-gap dependencies. In Proceedings of 43rd Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistics Society. (.pdf file)
Arnon, Inbal, Neal Snider, Philip Hofmeister, T. Florian Jaeger, and Ivan A. Sag. 2006. Cross-Linguistic Variation in a Processing Account: The Case of Multiple Wh-Questions. To appear! in the proceedings of BLS 32. (.pdf file).
Hofmeister, Philip. 2007. Representational Complexity and Memory Retrieval in Language Comprehension. Stanford PhD Thesis. (.pdf file)
Posters, Slides, Presentations
18th CUNY Sentence Processing Conference. Rethinking Superiority Effects: A Processing Model. [.ppt]
HOWL 3: Hopkins Workshop on Language. Processing Explains Superiority Effects. [.pdf] [.ppt]
Links to Relevant Sites